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Published research 

Documents abortion's injustice and harm to women

The importance of peer-reviewed academic research 


Research published in peer-reviewed journals has been carefully reviewed by both the journal's editors and experts in that particular field of research. 


The process of peer review helps to ensure that every study published in these journals adheres to the appropriate standards for objective scientific investigation, testing of hypotheses, and presentation of findings. After meeting these tests, a study is accepted for publication only if it also offers a significant contribution to scientific knowledge.

While we encourage interested parties to read the Elliot Institute's peer reviewed studies in full, we have distilled the key findings of these and other studies into user-friendly fact sheets and booklets. This format makes it more convenient to duplicate and distribute these findings as e-mail documents or printed flyers for your own easy reference and as an opportunity to reach more people in more places.

This page also includes links to news releases and articles on research and, in some cases, to the full text of published papers. You can also find links to other resources with more in-depth information on published studies.



Research summaries 

For information on the latest peer-reviewed academic research on the physical and psychological risks of abortion, see the following resources:


Recent Research (4 pages)


Physical Risks Fact Sheet shorter version  longer version


Psychological Risks Fact Sheet  shorter version  longer version


Key Facts About Abortion's Injustice and Injury to Women


Click here to download of all the research summaries in one 16-page booklet.


For more facts sheets, visit our resources page.


News releases and articles on academic research



Psychological effects


Wantedness and Coercion: Key Factors in Understanding Women's Mental Health After Abortion 1/4/12


Most Studies Show Abortion Linked to Increased Mental Health Problems 9/1/11


Study Links Abortion to Increased Mental Health Problems 2/2/10


More Than 30 Studies In Last Five Years Show Negative Impact of Abortion on Women's Mental Health 11/16/10


Researchers Say Study Claiming Abortion Not Linked to Teen Depression is Flawed 10/11/10


Study: Women Who Use Abortion Drug Experience More Pain, Emotional Distress 10/11/10


A Breech of Public Responsibility: Researcher Responds to Claims That Studies Show No Mental Health Problems After Abortion 10/11/10


New Study Shows Later Abortions More Likely to Be Unwanted, Are Linked to Psychological Problems 8/27/10


New Study Affirms Link Between Abortion and Subsequent Mental Health Problems 5/13/10


Study Linking Poor Pre-Abortion Counseling and PTSD Points to Need for New Legislation 1/22/10


Psychiatric Disorders Linked to Abortion for Fetal Anomalies  11/10/09


Distress After Abortion Linked to Increased Mental Health Disorders, Study Finds 11/5/09


Abortion Has Greater Impact on Parenting Than Other Forms of Pregnancy Loss, New Literature Review Finds 7/1/09


New Study Shows Negative Impact of Abortion on Relationships for Women, Men 4/16/09


New Study Links Abortion to Wide Range of Mental Health Disorders 12/11/08


Study Finds Abortion Provides No Mental Health Benefits to Women, Even When Pregnancy is Unwanted 12/11/08


64% of Women Having Abortions Report Being Pressured; Trauma Symptoms After Abortion Are Common: New Study 11/16/04


Abortion Linked to Later Anxiety Problems, New Study Shows  
Death Rate of Abortion Three Times Higher than Childbirth: 13-year Population Study in Published in Top OB/Gyn Journal  
Abortion or Birth of Unintended Pregnancy Affects Subsequent Substance Abuse: New Study 
Psychiatric Hospitalization Rises After Abortion, New Study in CMAJ


Abortion Linked to Long-Term Clinical Depression in Nationally Representative Study


Substance Abuse Among Pregnant Women Linked to Prior Abortion, Puts Later Children At Risk: New Study Finds


Abortion May Affect Mothering And Development Of Later Children, New Study Finds


Abortion Linked to Elevated Mortality Rate Among Women: New Study


Women Need More Mental Health Treatment After Abortion, New Study Finds

Clinical Depression / Abortion Link Reported in Top Journal


Pro-choice Researchers Acknowledge Existence of "Postabortion Syndrome" Half a Million Affected

Women's Mental Health Declines After Abortion While Childbirth Helps: Two New Studies


New Study Links Abortion to Subsequent Substance Abuse 


New Study Links Abortion to Increased Risk of Child Abuse  


New Study Finds Higher Substance Use Rates Among Pregnant Women After Abortion


Physical effects


The Link Between Abortion and Breast Cancer: A Series By Leading Expert Dr. Joel Brind 3/26/13


Study Links Abortion to Increased Risk of Metabolic Syndrome in Women 3/21/13


New Study Finds Multiple Abortions Increase Risk of Maternal Death 9/7/12


Higher Death Rates After Abortion Found in U.S., Denmark and Finland 9/5/12


New Study Finds Abortion Associated With Higher Risks of Premature Birth in Later Pregnancies 8/29/12


Study: Women Who Use Abortion Drug Experience More Pain, Emotional Distress 10/11/10


Why Prior Abortions Raise Autism Risk 3/9/11


National Cancer Institute Admits Abortion Raises Breast Cancer Link, But Why Aren't Women Being Told? 1/22/10


Legal Abortion Doesn't Save Women's Lives, Report Shows 12/16/09


New Studies Continue to Document Physical Risks of Abortion to Women  12/10/09


New Review Links Abortion to Higher Risk of Preterm Birth: Dozens of Studies Show Women Who Had Abortions More Likely to Have a Later Premature Birth 10/28/08


Death Rate of Abortion Three Times Higher than Childbirth: 13-year Population Study in Published in Top OB/Gyn Journal


Death Rate of Abortion Three Times Higher than Childbirth: 13-year Population Study in Published in Top OB/Gyn Journal  
Abortion Linked to Elevated Mortality Rate Among Women, New Study


Abortion Nearly Four Times Deadlier Than Childbirth: New Government Study In Finland  


Complications of Delivery Linked to Prior Abortion: New Study



Before abortion/abortion-decision making


New Zealand Survey: 2 Out of 3 Think Women Should Be Counseled on Abortion Risks, Alternatives 4/13/11


New Study Finds 14 Percent of Women Having Abortions Report Physical or Sexual Abuse in the Past Year 6/25/10 (off-site link)


Newly Updated Forced Abortion Report Draws Attention to Attacks on Pregnant Women 5/21/10


Half of Aborting Women Are Having Repeat Abortions, Study Finds 5/13/10


New Study Finds Father's Support Plays Key Role in Abortion 1/19/09


New Zealand Study Finds Violence Increases Risk of Abortion 8/29/08


Pregnant College Students Aren't Made Aware of Available Resources, Survey Finds 5/16/08



links to full text of medical research on abortion


Suicides after pregnancy in Finland: 1987-94: register linkage study, British Medical Journal

(M. Gissler, E. Hemminki, J. Longvist, 313:1431-1434, 1996)

Induced abortion and traumatic stress: A preliminary comparison of American and Russian women. Medical Science Monitor (VM Rue, PK Coleman, JJ Rue, DC Reardon, 2004 10(10):SR5-16, 2004)

Psychiatric admissions of low income women following abortion and childbirth, Canadian Medical Association Journal  (DC Reardon, JR Cougle, VM Rue, MW Shuping, PK Coleman, PG Ney, 168(10):1253-1257, 2003)


Depression associated with abortion and childbirth: A long-term analysis of the NLSY cohort. Medical Science Monitor (J Cougle, DC Reardon, PK Coleman, 9(4):CR105-112, 2003)


Deaths associated with abortion compared to childbirth: a review of new and old data and the medical and legal implications. The Journal of Contemporary Health Law & Policy

(DC Reardon, TW Strahan, JM Thorp, MW Shuping, 20(2):279-327, 2004)


The duty to screen: clinical, legal and ethical implications of predictive risk factors of post-abortion maladjustment. The Journal of Contemporary Health Law & Policy (DC Reardon, 20(1):33-114, Winter 2003)



Links to key resources



AbortionRisks.org is a Web 2.0 site designed to allow anyone in the world to find or contribute information related to post-abortion issues. It is also home to the Thomas W. Strahan Memorial Library, the most extensive bibliography ever compiled of published studies, books, and articles on post-abortion problems. Find or contribute information on research, original articles, and resources and groups for healing after abortion.

afterabortion.org is the web's most complete source of information on the aftereffects of abortion and post-abortion healing. You'll find over 500 hundred links to thousands of printed pages of original research, testimonies, articles, and resources regarding abortion's impact on women, men and others.  Most of these are drawn from articles and books published by the Elliot Institute, one of the nation's leading authorities on post-abortion issues. Check out these links: 


The Protective Effects of Childbirth Compared to Abortionn


The Post-Abortion Review Index
Links to articles from our quarterly print journal, providing discussion of research, topics related to trauma and healing, personal stories, news items and more.


What's New?
Our news page
contains the latest news and information published by the Elliot Institute. Read previous issues of our email newsletter and finds links to news releases and articles.


Elliot Institute News
By subscribing to our free e-newsletter, The Elliot Institute News, you will receive periodic notice of breaking news on post-abortion issues, updates on our latest research, and excerpts from our traditionally published, hard-copy journal, The Post-Abortion Review. You'll also hear about new resources (including free resources to help you educate others about why abortion is the UnChoice) and ideas for putting our ads and fact sheets to use.


Healing Page
If you or someone you know is struggling because of an abortion, or you are interested in information on post-abortion healing, visit our healing page for resources, tips on healing and other information. For resources on dealing with an unplanned pregnancy, click here.



Detrimental effects of abortion the ultimate reference book


Summarizes Published Medical and Psychological Research
276-Pages, 1,200 Citations


The single best resource identifying peer-reviewed medical literature on abortion, with a summaries of major findings. Includes more than 1,200 citations to studies documenting the negative impact of abortion. The studies are divided into over 40 subcategories, covering topics such as: 

  • the physical and psychological effects of abortion

  • abortion decision-making

  • abortion and maternal death

  • social effects and implications of abortion

  • abortion and teens

  • other significant findings


Each entry also contains a summary of the key research findings from the study. 


This bibliography is posted in the Thomas W. Strahan Memorial Library at www.AbortionRisks.org. It also can be ordered in book format with all the material in one place. Consider donating a copy to your local public, university or high school library.


For ordering information, click here.


Other resources


More Facts Sheets and Other Resources
More Books

Forced Abortion in America page and resources


unwanted & forced abortions abortion risks  ad campaign research hard cases suicide

 fact sheets & flyers  books help & healing how to help donate  news links

for post-abortion counseling referrals, call 1-877-HOPE-4-ME or click here.
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